Weak dollar or no, $46,000 - the price for a single year of undergraduate instruction amid the red brick of Harvard Yard - is _____1_____. But nowadays cost is _____2_____ barrier to entry at many of America's best universities. Formidable financial-assistance policies have _____3_____ fees or slashed them deeply for needy students. And last month Harvard announced a new plan designed to _____4_____ the sticker-shock for undergraduates from middle and even upper-income families too.
Since then, other rich American universities have unveiled _____5_____ initiatives. Yale, Harvard's bitterest _____6_____, revealed its plans on January 14th. Students whose families make _____7_____ than $60,000 a year will pay nothing at all. Families earning up to $200,000 a year will have to pay an average of 10% of their incomes. The university will _____8_____ its financial-assistance budget by 43%， to over $80m.
Harvard will have a similar arrangement for families making up to $180,000. That makes the price of going to Harvard or Yale _____9_____ to attending a state-run university for middle-and upper-income students. The universities will also not require any student to take out _____10_____ to pay for their _____11_____, a policy introduced by Princeton in 2001 and by the University of Pennsylvania just after Harvard's _____12_____. No applicant who gains admission, officials say, should feel _____13_____ to go elsewhere because he or she can't afford the fees.
None of that is quite as altruistic as it sounds. Harvard and Yale are, after all, now likely to lure more students away from previously _____14_____ options, particularly state-run universities, _____15_____ their already impressive admissions figures and reputations.
The schemes also provide a _____16_____ for structuring university fees in which high prices for rich students help offset modest prices for poorer ones and families are less _____17_____ on federal grants and government-backed loans.
Less wealthy private colleges whose fees are high will not be able to _____18_____ Harvard or Yale easily. But America's state-run universities, which have traditionally kept their fees low and stable, might well try a differentiated _____19_____ scheme as they raise cash to compete academically with their private _____20_____. Indeed, the University of California system has already started to implement a sliding-fee scale.
1、A.cheap B.reasonable C.high D.expensive
2、A.still B.no C.becoming D.certain
3、A.eliminated B.increased C.doubled D.decreased
4、A.relieve B.suspend C.enhance D.diminish
5、A.different B.same C.similar D.encouraging
6、A.counterpart B.coordinator C.rival D.cooperator
7、A.less B.more C.richer D.poorer
8、A.enhance B.expand C.increase D.elevate
9、A.incomparable B.comparable C.distinguishable D.identical
10、A.part-time job B.work C.loans D.savings
11、A.charge B.fare C.payment D.tuition
12、A.policy B.implementation C.adjustment D.announcement
13、A.pressured B.ashamed C.insecure D.unhappy
14、A.cheaper B.more reasonable C.public D.better
15、A.expanding B.shrinking C.enhancing D.diminishing
16、A.chance B.model C.disposition D.location
17、A.independent B.thankful C.detached D.reliant
18、A.beat B.win C.copy D.follow
19、A.pricing B.tuition C.scholarship D.financial aiding
20、A.rivals B.counterparts C.coordinators D.cooperators
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11、D 12、D 13、A 14、A 15、C 16、B 17、D 18、C 19、A 20、B